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Paleo-Americans First

Access the Past. Effect the Present.

Civics is the subject that teaches people how to be good citizens in group life, such as family, the school, the city, and the state. It deals with such topics as manners, obedience, duty, industry, protection of life, health and property, the payment of taxes and rents, the work of the community, of officials, of the courts, of legislatures, congress, political parties, fraternal and patriotic organizations. This subject places emphasis upon relationships between individuals in a group and between groups of individuals in their efforts to deal with and to serve one another. In other words, civics is the subject that treats of the co-operative relations of individuals and groups in their attempts to live and work together. It pertains to the life of the children as well as to the life of adults. For these reasons it is one of the most important school subjects.

~D.E. Cloyd

Civic knowledge is crucial. Below are the core instruments we feel are necessary to support a basic foundation of Human Rights:

Magna Carta[1]

Articles of Association[2]

Declaration of Independence[3]

Articles of Confederation[4]

Moroccan Treaty of Peace and Friendship[5]

Northwest Ordinance[6]

U.S. Constitution[7]

Bill of Rights

Constitutional Amendments 11-27

Judiciary Act [8]

Treaty of Jay [Ratified 1795]

General Orders No. 100[9]

United Nations Participation Act[10]

Charter of the United Nations (1st 3 pages)[11]

UNESCO Universal Declaration on Cultural Diversity

UNESCO International Declaration on Human Genetic Data[25]

UNESCO Convention for the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage

UNESCO Convention on the Protection and Promotion of the Diversity of Cultural Expressions

UNESCO Universal Declaration on the Human Genome and Human Rights

Organization of American States Charter [26]

American Convention on Human Rights[27]

Inter-American Convention on International Commercial Arbitration[28]

Hague Convention Abolishing the Requirement of Legalisation for Foreign Public Documents[29]

1954 Convention on the Protection of Cultural Property in the Event of Armed Conflict [30]

Convention on the Law Applicable to Certain Rights in Respect of Securities held with an Intermediary[31]

[1] Issued 1215; specifically Article(s) 40 and 52

[2] Passed by First Continental Congress 20 Oct 1774

[3] Passed by Continental Congress 4 Jul 1776

[4] Ratified 1 Mar 1781

[5] 1787 [8 Stat. 100] / 1836 [8 Stat. 484]

[6] Passed by Continental Congress 13 Jul 1787 [1 Stat. 50-53]

[7] Adopted 17 Sep 1787

[8] 1789; specifically Article 34

[9] Approved by the President of the U.S.A. and published 24 Apr 1863

[10] Chapter 583, 59 Stat. 619-621

[11] Signed 26 Jun 1945 and Entry into Force 24 Oct 1945; 59 Stat. 1033-1218

[12] Adopted by United Nations General Assembly resolution 217 A (III) of 10 Dec 1948

[13] Adopted by United Nations General Assembly resolution 1514 (XV) of 14 Dec 1960

[14] Adopted by United Nations General Assembly resolution 40/34 of 29 Nov 1985

[15] Adopted by the UN General Assembly 107th Plenary Meeting September 13, 2007

[16] Accessioned 6 Dec 1967; 266 U.N.T.S. 3, et seq, (treaty); 613 U.N.T.S. 414 (accession of U.S.A.)

[17] Signed 24 Apr 1970; 1155 U.N.T.S. 331

[18] Signed 5 Oct 1977; 993 U.N.T.S. 3

[19] Signed 5 Oct 1977 and Ratified 8 Jun 1992; 999 U.N.T.S. 171

[20] 1577 U.N.T.S. 3

[21] Accessioned 8 Apr 1976; 193 U.N.T.S. 135

[22] Signed 18 Apr 1988 and Ratified 21 Oct 1994; 1465 U.N.T.S. 85; Adopted as federal law by section 2242(a) of the Foreign Affairs Reform and Restructuring Act of 1988, 8 U.S.C. ยง 1231

[23] Signed 28 Sep 1966 and Ratified 21 Oct 1994

[24] Signed 9 Dec 2003 and Ratified 30 Oct 2006

[25] 32nd UNESCO General Conference on 16 October 2003; U.S.A. rejoined 1 Oct 2003

[26] Signed 30 April1948 and Ratified 15 Jun 1951

[27] Signed 1 Jun 1977; 1144 U.N.T.S. 123

[28] Signed 9 June 1978 and Ratified 10 Nov 1986

[29] Accessioned 24 Dec 1980 and Entry into Force 15 Oct 1981

[30] 249 U.N.T.S. 215

[31] Signed 5 July 2006